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1900 Buganda Agreement Terms

Assuming that the area of the Kingdom of Uganda, as it covers within the limits specified in the Agreement, is 19,600 square miles, it is divided into the following shares: 20. If the Kingdom of Uganda does not make payments to the Ugandan administration within the first two years after the signing of this Agreement, an amount of internal taxation equal to half of the tax due in relation to the number of inhabitants; or if he does not pay at any time without valid reason or excuse, the above-mentioned minimum level of taxes due in relation to the population; or should the Kabaka, the chiefs or the people of Uganda at all times pursue a decidedly disloyal policy towards the British protectorate; Her Majesty`s Government shall no longer feel bound by the provisions of this Agreement. On the other hand, if the revenue from the hat and arms tax exceeds two years with a total value of £45,000 per year, the Kabaka and county chiefs have the right to apply to His Majesty`s Government for an increase in the subsidy for the Kabaka and scholarships for local ministers and chiefs. this increase must be proportional to the increase in revenue from the taxation of premises. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Uganda Convention of 1900 contained clear boundaries of the Kingdom of Uganda, a system of land ownership and a fiscal policy. [3] Before the signing of the agreement, the entire country of Buganda belonged to Kabaka, hence the title of Sabataka. Officials of the Kingdom. Regent Stanislas Mugwanya (center) with other Buganda chiefs in the 1890s, during the reign of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. Regents and chiefs benefited from the distribution of land under the Buganda Agreement of 1900, which rewarded them for their cooperation with the British. PHOTO FILE 5. Laws promulgated by Her Majesty`s Government on the general administration of the Ugandan Protectorate shall also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they are contrary to the provisions of this Agreement; in that case, the provisions of this Agreement shall constitute a specific exception in respect of the Kingdom of Uganda. Taxes on huts and weapons have been introduced.

Each cottage on a farm was taxed at four rupees a year, while every person who owned a gun paid three rupees a year, according to Article 12 of the agreement. For the first time, the Kabaka and their leaders are expected to receive an annual salary from Her Majesty`s Government. In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganyika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that relations between Uganda and the Protecting Power should be of a different character from that between the local authorities and the Government of Tanganyika. [9] Recognizing that early protectorate officials had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan for reform and reshaping the system between the Protectorate and Buganda governments. [10] He claimed that the relationship between the protectorate government and the Buganda indigenous government was one of a protected rather than indirect regime, and planned to replace the position of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and remove officials from the central district, assuming that the kabaka would be obliged to follow the advice of the resident and his staff. [9] However, under the Uganda Agreement of 1900, the Kabaka was only required to respond to this advice if the Lukiiko resolutions were implemented. Relations between the Kabaka, the Protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated, and due to the governor`s limited power under the 1900 agreement to impose his council on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the Protectorate government could exert in Buganda.

[9] The agreement was negotiated by Alfred Tucker, Bishop of Uganda,[5] and signed, among others, by Katikiro Apollo Kagwa of Buganda on behalf of Kabaka (Daudi Cwa II), who was still an infant at the time, and Sir Harry Johnston on behalf of the British colonial government. The Uganda Agreement (alternatively the Treaty of Mengo) of March 1900 formalized relations between the Kingdom of Uganda and the British Protectorate of Uganda. [1] It was amended by the Buganda Agreement of 1955 and the Buganda Agreement of 1961. Done at Mengo, Kingdom of Uganda, 10 March 1900. The Uganda Agreement of 1900 (see Indigenous Agreement and Buganda Indigenous Laws, Treaty Acts of 1893 and 1894) contained the Uganda Agreement of 1900 which clarified the boundaries of the Ugandan Kingdom, a land ownership system and a fiscal policy. 3] The Kingdom of Uganda is subject to the same customs regulations, doorman regulations, etc., which may be introduced with the consent of His Majesty for the Protectorate of Uganda in general, which in a certain sense may be called external taxation, but no other internal taxation other than the tax on huts is imposed on the natives of the province of Uganda without the consent of the Kabaka. who must be guided in this matter by the majority of the votes of his or her home counsel. By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the Colvile Agreement of 1894 formalized Uganda`s promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support for bunyoro. [1] Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the 1964 referendum on Uganda`s lost counties. [7] At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, urged the British authorities to take control of Uganda. [2] On May 29, 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate.

On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel H.E. Colvile, who promoted the conventional takeover of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, was within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached as opposed to a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto. [3] 5. Laws promulgated by Her Majesty`s Government for the general management of the Protectorate of Uganda shall also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they are particularly contrary to the provisions of this Agreement, in which case the provisions of this Agreement constitute a special exception in respect of the Kingdom of Uganda. Article 6 dealt with Kabaka`s payments to the chief of Sazza. This was a new development in the Ganda administration. The three regents were entitled to $400 a year until the young king woke up.

Kabaka is expected to receive $400 a year, Sazza Chefs $200, three state officials – prime minister, chief justice and treasurer – $300 each, while Namasole (Chhwa`s mother) is expected to receive $50. It was an annual cottage tax and the firearms tax. The signing in 1900 took place after years of negotiations under the leadership of Bishop Alfred Tucker. It is not surprising that the Anglican Church, under the aegis of the Mission Society of the Church, took the lion`s share of the new administration after the signing of the agreement. .

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